The Liberal Studies Program: Humanities Courses

Note: It is expected that each course will be offered at least once during 2013–14 or 2014–15.

Art History
History
Humanities: General
Jewish Studies
Journalism
Language and Culture
Literature
Philosophy
Writing

Art History Courses

Introduction to Modern Art
AAR 2050
Refer to ARH 2050 in Art History Undergraduate Courses (School of Humanities) for description.

Picasso: The Man, His Art, and His Critics
AAR 3100
/ 4 credits
Deified, demonized, or mythologized, Pablo Picasso remained indisputably the consummate artist of the 20th century. As a painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and set designer, Picasso absorbed techniques and traditions culled from various Western and non-Western art sources. Students study his numerous styles, from his early academic exercises through the Blue Period, Rose Period, African Period, Cubism, and Surrealism, and his influence on other artists.

Contemporary Art
AAR 3120
/ 4 credits
The first distinctly American modern movement in art, Abstract Expressionism, burst onto the international scene around 1950. American artists then pioneered the major movements of Pop art, photorealism, earth art, and minimalism, while simultaneously participating in the more international developments: happenings, environments, conceptualism, neo-expressionism, and new figuration. Students explore the multiple directions in American and European art from 1945 to the present.

Tribal Arts of Africa
AAR 3160
/ 4 credits
The scope of this course begins with archaeological studies of prehistoric artifacts and continues with the geography and traditions of historical cultures. Emphasis is on visual vocabulary, identifying materials and techniques, and recognizing formal elements of design and style. Textiles, pottery, utensils, tools, architecture, sculpture, costume, masking, and ritual objects are viewed and discussed.

American Art
AAR 3180
/ 4 credits
A study of American painting and sculpture from colonial times to the present, focusing on American contributions to romanticism, realism, impressionism, abstraction, Pop art, and postmodernism. Lectures also cover African American art, Latino-American art, and Jewish artists as part of this opportunity to learn about American history through art.

20th-Century Photography
AAR 3193
Refer to ARH 3193 in Art History Undergraduate Courses (School of Humanities) for description. There is no prerequisite for ARH 3193.

Impressionism
AAR 3400
/ 4 credits
The simultaneous development of various painters associated with Impressionism (e.g., Monet, Renoir, Morisot, Pissarro, Manet, Degas, Cassatt) is presented. This radical new art movement is traced from the first Impressionist exhibition of 1874 to the last exhibition of 1886 and the appearance of the post-Impressionists. Students explore the shared relationships of the Impressionist artists.

Modern Sculpture and Three-Dimensional Art
AAR 3450
/ 4 credits
Beginning with Auguste Rodin, generally considered the first modern sculptor, students explore the changes in concepts, methods, and materials that have brought about dramatic shifts in ideas about what constitutes sculpture. Movements examined include Cubism and Futurism, constructivism, Dada and surrealism, Pop art, minimalism, super realism, conceptual art, Arte Povera, and Scatter art. There are visits to museums on and off campus.

The Cubist Epoch
AAR 3510
/ 4 credits
An interdisciplinary examination of Cubism both as a phenomenon and an artistic movement. Discussions include Cubism’s style, history, and identification with modernism and modernity. In particular, the course explores the influence of Cubism in film, advertising, art, theatre, dance, music, and literature.

19th-Century Art
AAR 3511
/ 4 credits
European art from the French Revolution to 1900, with movements in France, Germany, and England receiving particular attention. Major artists studied include David, Gericault, Delacroix, Ingres, Frederich, Constable, Turner, the pre-Raphaelites, Daumier, Manet, Degas, Monet, and Gauguin.

Art of the ’80s, ’90s, and 21st Century
AAR 3520
/ 4 credits
A retrospective and prospective point of view is used to analyze contemporary art, beginning with the many coexisting styles and schools of the pluralistic 1970s, progressing to the powerful neo-expressionist images of the 1980s, and then considering the globalism of the 1990s. Discussions also contemplate the increasingly provocative content of much recent art and the 21st-century fusion of existing styles.

Realism in Art
AAR 3550
/ 4 credits
Various artists from the 17th century to the present have worked in a style that can be termed “realist.” This course explores the definition of “realism” in art and examines why these artists chose to work in an empirical style. How do their styles differ, and what does their work tell us about the societies in which they lived? Students choose and place in social context a 20th-century or contemporary “realist” to discover how the meaning of “realism” has evolved over the centuries.

Pioneers of Modern Art: Romanticism to Realism
AAR 3700
/ 4 credits
Traces the origins of modernism, beginning with the growth of neoclassicism and the development of Romanticism in France, England, Germany, and Spain. With the rise of the middle class came a growing interest in artistic representation of the everyday world. By the mid-19th century artists began to challenge the emphasis on traditional history painting. Students examine how realism developed in the work of artists like Courbet and Manet, which led to the Impressionism of Monet and Degas. Selected post-Impressionists (e.g., van Gogh, Gauguin) and parallel developments in America are also considered.

Pop Art
AAR 3750
/ 4 credits
Though cool and noncommittal, Pop art posed serious questions about our relationships to society and culture. This course begins with the formation of the Pop art aesthetic (Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Larry Rivers) and moves to a detailed study of the works of major Pop artists like Andy Warhol, Claes Oldenburg, and Roy Lichtenstein. The Pop phenomenon in Europe is also examined in an international and intermedia context, as is the formation of a “post-Pop” aesthetic in the 1980s and 1990s.

History Courses

Western Civilization II
AHI 1020
Refer to HIS 1020 in History Courses (School of Humanities) for description.

History-on-Hudson: History of the Hudson Valley Region
AHI 1400
/ 4 credits
Dive into a more than 400-year study of “America’s First Great River.” Discover why, where, and how the Hudson River region has had—and continues to have—a vital role in shaping American history and society. The region’s history is examined through a selection of such themes as culture, exploration, art, literature, economics, industry, transportation, international relations, and the environment.

Understanding America
AHI 1500
Refer to HIS 1500 in History Courses (School of Humanities) for description.

Western Civilization I
AHI 1530
Refer to HIS 1010 in History Courses (School of Humanities) for description.

Popular Music in America: Evolution and Revolution
AHI 2200
/ 4 credits
The invention of sound recording in the late 1800s caused profound aesthetic transformations in music. This course surveys the many styles that have swept through American music—from ragtime, blues, and brass band through R&B, top 40, heavy metal, rap, and hip-hop—and discusses the roles of rural and urban musical centers. Using the last 110 years of technological innovation in recording, students analyze the more significant cultural changes that continue to reverberate throughout American society. Also offered as EMT 2200.

The Emergence of Modern America
AHI 3040
/ 4 credits
A comprehensive survey of American society, politics, and culture from the Civil War to the present. Topics include the significance of the Civil War in American society, the role of the Industrial Revolution in the shaping of the Gilded Age, the progressive era and its enduring influence on American politics, the impact of American involvement in 20th-century wars on current U.S. foreign policy, the changing nature of race relations and gender roles, urbanization, and the influence of the rise of modern technology and mass communications.

American History and Society Through Music
AHI 3115
/ 4 credits
A narrative survey of U.S. history from the colonial period to the present through an exploration of its musical history. The course investigates America’s fundamental principles of politics, its primary social issues, and its wealth of aesthetic musical initiatives. Students examine the unity, diversity, originality, and adaptability of significant political, social, and musical institutions. Also offered as EMT 3115.

Music of Protest
AHI 3116
/ 4 credits
A survey of the past 50 years of popular protest music, with a preparatory examination of early 20th-century blues and socialist “magnet” songs. Students study the power of popular music and the artist’s role in shaping contemporary society, with a focus on three eras of social upheaval in the U.S.: the civil rights movement, the war in Vietnam, and the emergence of punk and hip-hop. Includes readings, musical analysis, and listening. The ability to read musical notation is not required, but a working knowledge of contemporary popular music is critical. Also offered as EMT 3116.

The Militarization of American Society
AHI 3130
/ 4 credits
The influence of warfare is arguably the least understood aspect of human history; too often, war is considered like a sporting event—teams, winners, and losers. Students critically examine the effects of warfare on U.S. history in the 20th century. Topics include how militarization and “modern” warfare influence American society and shape its history.

America at the Movies
AHI 3156
/ 4 credits
Selected films are analyzed to illuminate significant aspects of American society in the 1970s and 1980s, including the war in Vietnam and expansion of American power, the end of legal racial segregation, the movements for women’s equality and gay rights, and challenges to traditional conventions (the sexual revolution, counterculture movement, and youth movement). How did these developments affect life in America in the following decades, and how did Hollywood confront their political reverberations? Also offered as CPO 3156.

Empire City: A History of New York City
AHI 3265
/ 4 credits
An introduction to the history and culture of New York City. New York’s colonial origins, its critical role in the American Revolution, and its 19th-century ethnic and social conflicts are studied. Secondly, the evolution of the city’s dynamic growth in the 20th century and the impact of 9/11 are examined. Lastly, the image of New York City as portrayed in literature and film is explored.

Vietnam and Modern America
AHI 3269
Refer to HIS 3269 in History Courses (School of Humanities) for description.

The Rise and Fall of Nazi Germany
AHI 3435
Refer to HIS 3435 in History Courses (School of Humanities) for description.

The Blue and the Gray: U.S. Civil War
AHI 3530
Refer to HIS 3535 in History Courses (School of Humanities) for description.

African History
AHI 3560
/ 4 credits
This study of African history addresses the continent’s geography and how it has affected Africa’s place in history, the rise and fall of civilizations, Islamic/Arab influences, European colonization, independence movements, and current challenges. In particular, students examine the slave trade and its effects on African societies, colonial domination, and the rise of nationalist movements.

The Early American Republic: 1789–1865
AHI 3630
/ 4 credits
Examines the social, cultural, and political history of the U.S. before the Civil War. The focus is on America’s transformation from a colony to an independent republic and on the culture and society of the U.S. during its formative years. Historians’ major inquiries concerning this period are compared and contrasted.

The American South
AHI 3640
Refer to HIS 3640 in History Courses (School of Humanities) for description.

The American West 1789–1914
AHI 3650
/ 4 credits
Explores the influence of the expanding West on the culture, politics, and society of the United States. Topics include the California Gold Rush, the significance of the Northwest Land Ordinances, the Louisiana Purchase, the Mexican Cession, and the Oklahoma Land Rush. Students consider the influence of the “Wild West” on the American character and explore racial and gender stereotyping in American literature. In addition to readings, traditional Hollywood “westerns” are compared with more modern portrayals of the West.

The U.S. Since 1945
AHI 3670
/ 4 credits
An exploration of American life since World War II, using books, documentaries, and films. Topics include the rise of America as a world power and the Cold War; McCarthyism and anticommunism; consumerism, environmentalism, and the transformation of values, taste, style, and manners; uprisings of the 1960s; the conservative agenda of the Reagan/Bush era; the contemporary distrust of politicians; and concerns about the future.

Humanities: General Courses

The Great Broadway Songwriters
ADR 3105
/ 4 credits
Come taste the finest sampling of the great Broadway songwriters. Each class examines a particular songwriter (Cole Porter, Stephen Sondheim), idea (the subversives: Weill and Bernstein), or era (contemporary voices on Broadway). Students savor recordings, investigate the dramatic qualities of the songs, and analyze lyrics, melody, and song form. Also offered as EMT 3105.

Holocaust Theatre and Film
ADR 3220
/ 4 credits
Explores various representations of the Holocaust in dramatic and cinematic forms. The focus is on American and Israeli plays by such authors as Arthur Miller and Donald Margulies. Students examine questions of realism, historical truth, and artistic freedom and view Eastern European, American, and German films, including popular Shoah films like Schindler’s List, Life is Beautiful, and Sophie’s Choice. Also offered as AJS 3220.

Musicals: Stage, Screen, and Beyond
ADR 3255
/ 4 credits
Musicals are used as the focus for comparing works of art. Broadway musicals are often based on movies, and vice versa—and both draw from literature. They also generate multiple adaptations, recordings, and broadcasts. Topics include the relationship of theatre and film, use of song and dance, and how similar ideas and stories are handled in different media and eras. Also offered as FTF 3255.

20th-Century World Drama
ADR 3400
/ 4 credits
Explores 20th-century world drama from an end-of-the-millennium perspective. Plays are chosen from North America, Africa, Asia, and Europe for cross-cultural thematic investigations. Close reading of the plays, along with class discussions, encourages students to theorize on the inter- and intratextual nuances dramatized in the plays. The emphasis is on students’ response to the works, although they are expected to become familiar with various postmodernist theories, including feminist and postcolonial studies. Also offered as FTA 3400.

American Sign Language
AHU 1400
Refer to Language and Culture Courses for description.

Gods, Goddesses, and Demons
AHU 3000
/ 4 credits
Gods, goddesses, and demons are resurfacing in these postmodern times. This course explores the moral, spiritual, and emotional relationships among human, divine, and demonic beings in epic spectacles, literary and visual, from a variety of periods and cultures.

Middle Eastern Cultures: Texts and Films
AHU 3020
/ 4 credits
Explores the various cultures, geography, and history of the Middle East, including Turkey, Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Israel. Some time is also devoted to minorities within a larger context. The selected texts and films raise awareness of human rights issues as well as the political, ethnic, and national complexities of the region. Both fiction and nonfiction works are used.

The Mediterranean Origins of Western Culture
AHU 3025
/ 4 credits
Examines the main historical events in the Mediterranean area from late antiquity through the Renaissance. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam were born here, and the diverse peoples and cultures around its shores competed for intellectual and political dominance. These interactions resulted in the legacy of beliefs and institutions at the core of Western culture, including some issues still unresolved today.

Women for Change in the Middle East
AHU 3077
/ 4 credits
The Middle East is mired in controversy over basic human rights, particularly in the area of women’s rights. A growing number of Muslim and Jewish women artists/activists, living in the Middle East or in the West, have joined the fight for equality. Using film, literature, and theatre, advocates for peace and equality are studied across ethnic, religious, and national lines. Also offered as CSS 3077.

World Religions: An Anatomy of the Sacred
AHU 3110
/ 4 credits
“God is dead,” Nietzsche famously proclaimed to signal the waning power of religion. In spite of the influence religion exerts, one is reminded of the lack of understanding of the world’s major faiths. This course is a study of the origins, evolution, and the traditions of the major and minor religions of the world.

Contemporary Popular Culture
AHU 3160
/ 4 credits
Combines readings, viewings, and discussion of various forms of contemporary culture since the mid-1960s, such as popular films and music, design and fashion, architecture, magazines, art, television, and the new imaging technologies. Topics include avant-garde, popular, and mass culture; high and low aesthetics; stereotypes; cultural hierarchy; identity, gender and sexuality, and race and ethnicity; and American concepts of age and class. Also offered as CSO 3160.

Shamanism and Native Cultures
AHU 3175
/ 4 credits
An exploration of Native American, Central Asian, and aboriginal Australian testimonies and techniques of shamanic experience and their relationship to other native cultures of the world. The contemporary global contribution of these cultures to ecology and spirituality, together with the challenges faced by native cultures today, are also explored.

Modernism, Media, and the Middle Class
AHU 3180
Refer to CSS 3180 under Social Sciences: General in Social Sciences Courses for description.

Enlightenment East and West
AHU 3200
/ 4 credits
Although both ancient Asian and modern Western traditions define an enlightened person as one who is liberated from the bondage of ignorance, they differ in their definitions of the highest human values and of the discipline necessary to attain those values. Special attention is given to the contribution each tradition can make to the search for clarified values.

Spirituality and Nature
AHU 3215
/ 4 credits
An exploration of writings, cultural traditions, activities, and lifestyles that involve spiritual interaction with nature. Through appreciating models of nature-consciousness, the goal is to deepen and sustain students’ awareness of the natural world, to develop actions and voices for expressing and clarifying that awareness in the present environmental context, and to modify environmentally destructive habits.

Buddhist Ideas and Practice
AHU 3235
/ 4 credits
Investigates practical Indian, Tibetan, and Zen teachings and their relationship to meditative practice, somatic awareness, ethical engagement, and personal and collective well-being. Students evaluate how people learn, know, and do what is good, i.e., that which promotes individual and collective health and happiness. The effects and applications of these practices and teachings are also explored.

Religion and Psychology
AHU 3245
/ 4 credits
In this study of psychology in relation to religion, students explore the definition of religion, its personal meaning to people, and its social and political meaning in the community. The importance of ritual is discussed, and conversion is examined to understand its meaning. The middle of the course focuses on such theorists as Freud, Jung, and Maslow and the role religion played in their theories. Finally, the role religion and culture play in psychotherapy and the difference between religions and cults are examined. Also offered as BPS 3245.

God’s Warriors: Religious Fundamentalism Today
AHU 3270
/ 4 credits
Contemporary culture cannot be adequately understood without considering the impact of religious extremism. While other factors play a role, it is religious passions that fuel the jihadist movement in the Islamic world, incite violence in the occupied Palestinian territories, and amplify culture wars between secular and religious forces in the U.S. This course examines the root causes of such cultural phenomena, asking whether fundamentalism can exist in modern society without leading to bloodshed.

Mass Media: A Cultural History
AHU 3325
Refer to CSS 3325 under Communications in Social Sciences Courses for description.

Lights, Camera, God: Religion in the Movies
AHU 3340
Refer to FTF 3340 under Film/Media Studies in Performing and Visual Arts Courses for description.

Healing and the Arts: Indo-Tibetan Traditions
AHU 3390
/ 4 credits
Indian and Tibetan traditional arts evolved from ancient techniques for rebalancing natural energies through aesthetic experience and awareness. Students explore these traditional musical, visual, literary, theatrical, and ritual arts and the meditative philosophies behind them. The course also observes techniques of current practitioners and relates them to practices cultivated by traditional healers for living in harmony with nature and attuning to the elemental energies of life.

Law, Ethics, and the Media
AHU 3755
/ 4 credits
The First Amendment allows the mass media certain freedoms to publish, broadcast, advertise, and promote. Yet with those rights come responsibilities. This course examines the legal and ethical dimensions and issues involved with contemporary American mass media. Also offered as CSS 3755.

Senior Capstone
AHU 4800
/ 4 credits
An intensive research and writing course, completed on the Purchase campus and culminating in a significant biographical research paper. Also offered as CSS 4800.

Jewish Studies Courses

Holocaust Theatre and Film
AJS 3220
Refer to ADR 3220 in Humanities: General Courses for description.

Holocaust Memoir and Diary
AJS 3285
/ 4 credits
Holocaust scholar Lawrence Langer asks, “To whom shall we entrust the custody of the public memory of the Holocaust?” This course examines eyewitness testimony produced either during or after the Holocaust. Students read works by such authors as Elie Wiesel, Primo Levi, Kazik (Simha Rotem), Emanuel Ringelblum, Anne Frank, and Hanna Senesh, a true Jewish Joan of Arc. Also offered as ALI 3285.

Journalism Courses

Journalism I
AJO 2515
Refer to JOU 2515 in Journalism Courses (School of Humanities) for description.

Writing for the Mass Media
AJO 3305
/ 4 credits
Writing for the mass media builds on the ability to tell a story about an event, person, or situation and present it to a wide and varied audience. In this course, students learn to differentiate between content produced for informational, visual (print, television, and online), audio (radio), and multimedia outlets as well as how to create content for each of them. Also offered as CSS 3305.

Media Literacy
AJO 3315
/ 4 credits
Media literacy encompasses the ability to access, analyze, evaluate, and create media. In this course, students learn to critically examine visual, audio, and online media while gaining an understanding of the media’s effect on culture and society. Also offered as CSS 3315.

Language and Culture Courses

American Sign Language I
AHU 1400
/ 4 credits
A comprehensive introduction to American Sign Language (ASL), beginning with a focus on the linguistic aspects of ASL, including syntax, facial expression, vocabulary, and the manual alphabet. Students progress to conversational signing and finger spelling and develop an ability to communicate on a beginning level.

Basic French I
AFR 1030
/ 4 credits
For students who have had little or no previous exposure to the language. Presents the essential structures of spoken and written French by involving the student in situations that concretely represent the concepts of the language.

Basic French II
AFR 1035
/ 4 credits
A continuation of AFR 1030. Increased time is devoted to reading and writing. The development of oral skills remains the primary objective of the course.

Basic Italian I
AIT 1010
/ 4 credits
Designed for students with little or no previous exposure to the language. The method used presents the essential structures of spoken and written Italian by involving students in situations that concretely represent the concepts of the language.

Basic Italian II
AIT 1060
/ 4 credits
In this continuation of AIT 1010, more attention is given to listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Emphasis is placed on oral work, using material from students’ everyday experiences and activities.

Basic Spanish I
ASP 1030
/ 4 credits
Designed for students with little or no previous exposure to the language. Attention is given to listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Emphasis is placed on oral work, using material from students’ everyday experiences and activities.

Basic Spanish II
ASP 1040
/ 4 credits
In this continuation of ASP 1030, more attention is given to listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Emphasis is placed on oral work, using material from students’ everyday experiences and activities.

Literature Courses

Modern American Short Stories
ALI 3070
/ 4 credits
Concise and focused, the short story has been a lens through which Americans have explored their identities. Stories written in the last 25 years examine the changing sense of what being an American means.

History and Memory: Literature and Films of Atrocity
ALI 3085
/ 4 credits
Students study historic accounts, memoirs, diaries, and cinematic depictions of such atrocities as the Jewish Holocaust, Armenian and Rwandan genocides, Stalinist and South African purges, and Cambodian massacres. Genocide and mass murder are dissected by considering the causes, methods, aftermath, and possibly the lessons learned. Also offered as FTF 3085.

Frontline Reporting: Global Conflict
ALI 3086
/ 4 credits
The past century saw two world wars and countless smaller, armed conflagrations over land, political influence, and ancient hatreds. This course focuses on a variety of post-World War II conflicts as reported by international journalists. Students learn about the atrocities in Bosnia, the Middle East, and Africa, among others, but most of all, they learn how war and conflict are reported. Also offered as FTF 3086.

Teenagers in Literature and Film
ALI 3110
/ 4 credits
Whether finding a prom date or a lunch table, or dealing with the problems of puberty, the anxiety of being a teenager is a nearly universal experience. Writers and filmmakers use adolescence in their work as a way to connect to their audience through common and accessible themes. This course traces the pervasive themes of the teenage experience in film and literature. Also offered as FTF 3110.

Modern American Poetry
ALI 3170
/ 4 credits
Modern and contemporary American poetry is studied with an emphasis on craft and the creative process. Poets include T.S. Eliot, Wallace Stevens, Robert Frost, and Sylvia Plath, among others. Attention is given to the imagery, structure, and sound patterns (or “music”) of the poems. Poetry writers are encouraged to enroll, and anyone interested in poetry is welcome.

Shakespeare’s History Plays
ALI 3195
/ 4 credits
Neither comic nor tragic, but with elements of both comedy and tragedy, Shakespeare’s history plays stage the recent past, the era leading up to his lifetime. In this course, students read a sequence of history plays—Richard II and Henry IV, part I and II—with an eye to the ways they explore such characteristic Shakespearean concerns as the meaning of acting, the nature of kingship, and the development of a modern political world.

20th-Century World Literature
ALI 3205
/ 4 credits
World literature of the 20th century is considered as it reflects and generates discussion of national and international boundaries, politics, religion, freedom, nationalism, sexuality, gender, and identity. Its diverse riches are experienced in this course through a broad cross-section of contemporary writings, including short stories, by international and American authors. Readings facilitate discussion of the global mosaic of social norms and values and the diversity of global literary tradition.

Holocaust Memoir and Diary
ALI 3285
Refer to AJS 3285 in Journalism Courses for description.

Love in Literature
ALI 3360
/ 4 credits
From Adam and Eve to the present, numerous authors have written about love. In this course, students examine forms and expressions of both romantic and erotic love in Western literature, from the Bible and ancient Greeks to Bob Dylan. Writers studied include Shakespeare, Emily Brontë, Joyce, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Nabokov, in addition to love poems, recent American short stories, and more.

Modern American Literature
ALI 3370
/ 4 credits
A survey of the writings of representative American literary figures of the last 100 years. This course places these writers in the continuum of American literary development and examines their responses to the intellectual, moral, and social currents of the period.

Short Fiction
ALI 3400
/ 4 credits
An examination of the “middle genre,” encompassing the novella and the short novel. Readings provide ample opportunity to sample works embodying the intensity of short fiction and some of the expanded characterization and plot development of the novel. Readings include works by several significant 19th- and 20th-century authors from many countries.

East–West: Film and Literature of Cultural Formation
ALI 3415
/ 4 credits
Students explore contemporary literary and cinematic expressions of immigrant groups seeking acceptance in Western cultures. The focus is on issues related to assimilation, identity, and the reactions of the Western mainstream cultures as outside forces compete for recognition. The immigrant groups depicted include those originating in Southeast Asia, China, Africa, and the Middle East. Also offered as FTF 3415.

The Modern Short Story
ALI 3450
/ 4 credits
The short story, often regarded as merely “introductory” or as a lesser sibling of the novel, is considered as a distinctively literary form. From this perspective, students carefully read representative classics and contemporary works as they dramatize compelling questions of religious, sexual, and racial identity.

The Literature of Popular Culture
ALI 3455
/ 4 credits
One way of identifying themes and conflicts central to American popular culture is to analyze its icons as characters and its events as scenes in a collective narrative that tells the culture’s story. This course explores how literary theories can help people construct alternate interpretations of popular films, songs, and television shows. Students also examine the manipulation of language and symbolism in such media as political commercials and local news programs. Readings include excerpts from best-selling novels and essays by cultural commentators.

Gothic Literature
ALI 3497
/ 4 credits
Addresses the question “What is the gothic?” by tracing such themes as horror, imprisonment, madness, vampires, and ghosts in literature and film from the late 18th century to the present. Readings in such Gothic classics as The Castle of Otranto, Northanger Abbey, and The Turn of the Screw are complemented by the viewing of such films as The Bride of Frankenstein.

New York City: Society in Literature
ALI 3630
/ 4 credits
An examination of the historical and cultural intersections of New York City and literature. Students study a wide range of writers who have been inspired by the city and analyze their work in relationship to its historical context. The city is examined through a literary lens, from its beginnings through its rise in global influence to the post-9/11 era. Also offered as CSS 3630.

Literature and Film of the ’60s: The Age of Aquarius
ALI 3680
/ 4 credits
With its attacks on modernity, technology, government, and everything having to do with “the system,” the 1960s was a decade of revolutionary ferment. Many of the concerns that fueled this unrest remain alive in today’s society. The course addresses this decade of rebellion, resistance, and disruption through readings and viewings of representative films.

Modern Poetry
ALI 3855
/ 4 credits
This course begins with modern poetic texts of the 19th century and considers Hopkins, Yeats, Frost, Eliot, Stevens, Williams, Crane, Auden, Bishop, Hughes, Plath, Ginsberg, and others. Some academic experience with poetry is useful for all students; poetry writers are also encouraged to enroll.

Philosophy Courses

Introduction to Philosophy: Ideas of Human Nature
APH 1540
Refer to PHI 1540 in Philosophy Courses (School of Humanities) for description.

Methods of Reasoning
APH 2120
Refer to PHI 2120 in Philosophy Courses (School of Humanities) for description.

History of Western Ideas
APH 3020
/ 4 credits
The history of Western ideas is traced from their inception in the ancient world to their culmination in contemporary culture. Students read seminal works spanning a broad historical setting, beginning with the ancient world of the Bible and Greek philosophy. The course covers noted movements in Western history, including the Medieval period, the Reformation, the Renaissance, the Scientific Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, the Enlightenment, and postmodernism.

Understanding Moral Problems
APH 3350
/ 4 credits
Representative problems of business, legal, medical, environmental, and personal ethics (e.g., violence, discrimination, capital punishment, abortion, euthanasia, conservation, sexual morality) are covered. Emphasis is placed on learning to think about and discuss these issues clearly and objectively, rather than on abstract ethical theories.

Philosophy, Culture, and the Media
APH 3645
/ 4 credits
An examination of what it means—aesthetically, socially, and existentially—to live in a 21st-century world pervaded by electronic and digital technologies. How do these technologies and practices shape people’s beliefs and knowledge about the world? How do they shape moral and social values? Is the Internet good for human beings? Readings from selected philosophers and media theorists.

Writing Courses

College Writing
AWR 1100
/ 4 credits
Students are guided through the writing process: rehearsing, drafting, conferring, revising, and editing. The course combines informal writing activities (e.g., journal writing, free writing) with more formal assignments, such as a research paper. Students are encouraged to discover their own “voices” and to write clearly and effectively about a given topic or reading assignment.

Fiction Writing Workshop
AWR 2030
/ 4 credits
A workshop for beginning writers, with an emphasis on finding story ideas, beginning and ending narratives, creating plot and conflict, developing characters, controlling voice and point of view, and handling narration. Students read, discuss, and revise their work regularly. Individual requirements are developed with the instructor, who reviews and evaluates each writer’s work. AWR 2030 and 3030 meet together.

Creative Writing Workshop
(Beginning, Intermediate/Advanced)
AWR 2120 and 3120 / 4 credits (per semester)
This course allows students to explore various genres, including poetry, the short story, and the memoir. Students should be prepared to write, revise, and share portions of their work with the class and to read a selection of works by contemporary authors.

Poetry Writing Workshop
(Beginning, Intermediate/Advanced)
AWR 2160 and 3160 / 4 credits (per semester)
Focusing on the process of writing poetry, this course facilitates writing new work and sharpening revision skills. Students read contemporary poetry, participate in writing exercises, explore the writer’s craft, critique poems, and discuss the road to publication.

Creative Nonfiction
(Beginning, Intermediate/Advanced)
AWR 2260 and 3260 / 4 credits (per semester)
Students examine how experience, research, and imagination are integrated in this evolving genre. Discussions focus on traditional published works and those that play with the boundaries of the nonfiction, integrating traditional styles to create new ones. Students analyze one another’s attempts to artfully place the subjective in the context of the larger world and create their own original works.

True Stories: The Craft of Memoir
(Beginning, Intermediate/Advanced)
AWR 2350 and 3350 / 4 credits (per semester)
Students learn how to examine and write their own stories through in-class exercises and discussion of both student and published work. Beginning writers, as well as those with a particular project in mind, learn how to place their stories in the larger context of the world and employ storytelling techniques, including imagery, voice, dialogue, and character development.

Advanced Fiction Writing Workshop
AWR 3030
/ 4 credits
For fiction writers with some experience. Students read and discuss their work regularly and revise their stories. Specific requirements are developed with the instructor, but writers normally work on at least two stories during the term or on a longer project (a novella or novel). The instructor periodically reviews and evaluates each writer’s work. AWR 2030 and 3030 meet together.

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